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The Food Almanac: Tuesday, November 13, 2012

The Food Almanac: Tuesday, November 13, 2012

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In The Food Almanac, Tom Fitzmorris of The New Orleans Menu, notes food facts and sayings.

Today's Flavor
This is National Satsuma Day. Those juicy citrus fruits from Louisiana are at the peak of their season right now. Satsumas come originally from the old Satsuma Province, on the island of Kyushu in Japan. The tree that grows them appears to have been a mutation of a kind of orange tree. In Japan, they're called "mikans." They came to this country in 1878, and are better known as mandarins (another reference to the Far Eastern origin, although that's a Chinese word) or tangerines.

The satsumas in Southeast Louisiana — brought by Jesuit missionaries fresh from Japan — are different from those found in most other parts of America, and are close to the original Japanese import. The skins are thin, but have large oil pockets that flavor your fingers as you peel them off. As we all discover as children, the skin is very easy to remove, and the sections usually come apart without breaking open. The flavor is distinctly different from that of an orange. I find that when I make juice by mixing even a half a satsuma with four or five oranges, I can immediately notice the satsuma flavor.

Satsuma trees are hardier than oranges. Except in the areas that were totally flooded with storm surge water after Katrina, most of the satsuma crop survived the storm and have produced good crops since then.

Gourmet Gazetteer
Tangerine is an unincorporated town of about 825 people in the middle of the Florida peninsula. Its name is appropriate. It's surrounded by citrus groves in all directions. Despite that, its closeness to Orlando — 26 miles southeast — gives it a bit of suburban character. Tangerine is bordered on two sides by good-sized lakes. Because its name is so perfect, there have been a few fictional towns called Tangerine, Fla., in literature and movies. None were about the actual place. The restaurant in town is Vincent's Italian Restaurant. (No connection with the two restaurants of the same name here in New Orleans.)

Edible Dictionary
minneola, n. — A variety of tangelo, crossing specific varieties of grapefruit and tangerine. Its appearance is offbeat: it has a small neck at the stem end, giving the appearance of a squat bell. One marketer of minneolas takes advantage of this and calls them honeybells. They're raised both in Florida (they're named for a Florida town) and on the West Coast.

The Old Kitchen Sage Sez
Whenever you find yourself with blemish-free oranges and a few minutes on your hands, scrape the zest off the skins and freeze it in a plastic food storage bag. Remember it when a sauce needs a little something.

Annals of Vegetable Gardening
Washington Atlee Burpee was born today in 1858. He created the world's largest seed company by developing many new varieties of vegetables and flowers that one could only grow by planting Burpee's Seeds. Is this a food name?

The Saints
This is the memorial day for a patron saint of gardeners. St. Tryphon was a gooseherder in Phrygia in the third century, and a martyr.

Annals of Winemasters
Andre Tchelistcheff, the scientist who sent California winemaking on the path that led to its excellence and influence, died today in 1994 at the age of 93. He spent many years at Beaulieu Vineyards, then had a long career as a consultant for wineries all over California, especially in Napa. His innovations included everything from cold fermentation to strategies for fighting grapevine diseases.

Music to Eat at Sea By
Today in 1975, the iron ore ship Edmund Fitzgerald sank on Lake Superior. Gordon Lightfoot had a hit with a song about the disaster. The most heartbreaking lyric in it was:

"When suppertime came the old cook came on deck
Saying 'Fellows, it's too rough to feed ya."

Now that's a disaster.

Food Namesakes
Sesame Street came to television on this date in 1969 . Sir Tim Rice, who wrote the lyrics to Andrew Lloyd Webber's music for Jesus Christ Superstar, Evita, and other musicals, was born today in 1944 . George Washington Cook, Union soldier and early Colorado politician, was born today in 1851 . English record producers Roy Thomas Baker, who produced for the Rolling Stones, The Who, and David Bowie, began his Big Record today in 1946 . Sounds like a food name, but isn't: George Fenneman, the great announcer for You Bet Your Life and Dragnet on both radio and television, was born today in 1919.

Words to Eat By

"And I've seen
Toasts to tangerine
Raised in every bar across the Argentine
Yes, she's got them all on the run
But her heart belongs to just one.
Her heart belongs to tangerine." — Johnny Mercer, American songwriter and singer.

Words to Drink By
"To Gasteria, the tenth Muse, who presides over the enjoyments of Taste." — Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.

Check out other Food Almanac columns by Tom Fitzmorris.

A Retro Cookbook.

That intrepid Retro Cake cook, T.W. Barritt of Culinary Types has asked for some information on a cookbook in his possession. It is a 1930’s copy of The American Woman's Cookbook edited by Ruth Berolzheimer.

Well, this one was an interesting challenge, T.W.!

Ruth Berolzheimer died in 1965 after a long and illustrious career as a “cooking and child welfare expert” (according to her obituary). She was for years the director of the Culinary Arts Institute, and the editor/author of a number of books.

The The American Woman's Cookbook was originally published in 1939 (or perhaps 1938?) by the directors of the College of Home Economics of Cornell University, under the auspices of the Delineator Institute – and it seems that it was descended from an earlier Delineator Cookbook. The Delineator Cookbook in turn was derived from a fashion magazine called The Delineator, which was originally produced in the 1870’s by the Butterick sewing pattern company.

The book contains over 10,000 recipes, and went to many printings of many editions. From the outset was considered a trustworthy and comprehensive resource, and I was delighted to find that for those of us not lucky enough to own a real copy, there is an online version available via the Internet Archive. So – thankyou for the idea, T.W, it has led me to a new resource.

Naturally, in view of T.W’s interest in baking, I have to give you a couple of classical cake recipes from the book.

One-Two-Three-Four Cake (Measure Cake)
1 cup butter or other shortening
2 cups sugar
3 cups sifted cake flour
4 eggs, separated
¼ teaspoon salt
3 teaspoons baking powder
1 cup milk
1 teaspoon vanilla

Cream shortening and sugar until fluffy. Add egg yolks 1at a time, beating thoroughly after each one is added. Sift dry ingredients together 3 times and add alternately with milk and vanilla to creamed mixture, beating until smooth after each addition. Fold in stiffly beaten egg whites. Pour into pans linedwith waxed paper and bake in moderate oven (350F.) 25 minutes. Makes 3 (9 -inch) layers.

Old-Fashioned Poundcake
1 pound butter (2 cups)
1 pound sifted cake flour (4 cups)
10 eggs, separated
1 pound sugar (2 cups)
1 teaspoon vanilla

Cream butter, work in flour until mixture is mealy. Beat egg yolks, sugar and vanilla until thick and fluffy. Add first mixture gradually, beating thoroughly. Fold in stiffly beaten egg whites. Beat vigorously 5 minutes. Bake in 2 loaf pans lined with waxed paper, in a moderately slow oven (325F.) 1 ¼ hours. Makes 2 loaves (8x4 inches).

Thanksgiving Food: Sweet Potato.

I love sweet potatoes. Although I have no objection to gilding the occasional lily, I do not, however, love the idea of mixing them with marshmallows. I have heard rumour that this is what happens in some households at Thanksgiving. I will try to reserve final judgement until I actually face this dish across a Thanksgiving table one day.

How did this idea of sweetening the sweet potato come about? And when? I have come across a 1913 reference to topping pumpkin pie with marshmallows and briefly returning it to the oven – a not particularly shocking idea. The first mention of sweet potatoes with marshmallows (in a side dish) that I have found so far is from 1917, in the Lowell Sun. Here it is:

Scalloped Sweet Potatoes.
Slice boiled sweet potatoes and place in buttered baking dish with layers of brown sugar dotted with butter between layers of potatoes. Cover the top with 2 tablespoonfuls of cream, dots of butter, and bake until brown. A few minutes before serving cover the top with a layer of marshmallows and return to the oven to brown.

Was the precedent for the sweetening-the-sweet potato idea this ‘candy’, mentioned in The Cedar Rapid Times, of February, 1889?

"The candied sweet potato is a Philadelphia confectionery. It is nothing but sweet potatoes carefully boiled and quartered, then candied in boiling syrup, but it is said to be dainty and tender and of a delicious flavor".

Here, to assist you to digest the idea, I give you a random selection of recipes for sweetening the sweet potatoes at your Thanksgiving dinner.

From the New York Times of November 24, 1895:

Glazed Sweet Potato.
Boil the potatoes for fifty or sixty minutes, then peel and cut in two lengthwise season them with salt, spread a little butter over them, dust lightly with sugar, and bake in a hot oven fifteen or twenty minutes.

From the New Oxford Item (New Oxford, Pennyslvania) of October 22, 1908, an elegant version with maple syrup (maple syrup: a difficult addiction for me to maintain, at this distance of half the world’s girth, but I try.)

Candied Sweet Potato Balls.
With a French cutter, scoop balls from raw sweet potatoes the potatoes should first be neatly pared. For a pint of balls melt one-fourth a cup of butter in a casserole, add one fourth a cup of maple syrup or sugar, and when very hot put in the balls and shake them over the fire until quite hot, then cover and let cook in the oven till tender. Baste frequently with the liquid in the dish add salt before the cooking is complete.

The bacon drippings notwithstanding, the following recipe is intended to be a dessert, is it not? From the Cumberland Evening Times, September 26, 1919:

Marshmallow Sweets.
1 pint of boiled and mashed sweet potatoes, 1 tablespoonful sugar, ½ cupful chopped nuts, 1 tablespoonful bacon drippings, ½ [?] teaspoonful ground cinnamon,1 dozen fresh marshmallows.
Beat the mashed sweet potatoes and fat until very light, adding the spice and sugar slowly. Put one layer of the potatoes into a buttered baking dish. Beat the nuts into the remaining potato, and top with marshmallows, and cover the baking dish.Bake for ten minutes. Remove cover and brown. Serve very hot.

The following two recipes, are, to me, extreme variations on the theme.

From a 1940’s advertisement for Parkay Margarine

Candied Sweet Potato Casserole.
1 20 oz can pineapple chunks
3 17 oz cans whole sweet potatoes, drained
¾ cup packed brown sugar
½ cup PARKAY margarine
¾ teaspoon cinnamon
¼ teaspoon ground cloves

Drain pineapple, reserving ¼ cup liquid. Cut potatoes in half lengthwise. Combine potatoes and pineapple. Spoon into 12 x 8-inch baking dish. Combine reserved liquid, sugar, margarine and spices in saucepan. Bring to boil over medium heat, stirring frequently. Reduce heat, simmer 5 minutes, stirring frequently. Pour over potato mixture. Bake at 350 deg. 25 minutes.
10-12 servings.

From Ebony magazine, December 1971.

Baked Sweet Potatoes & Bananas.
Boil 6 medium sweet potatoes, peel, slice in ¾ in. thick slices. Slice 3 banans, crumb 15 to 20 gingersnaps. Butter casserole, fill with alternate layers potatoes, bananas, gingersnap crumbs. Heat ½ c. butter, add ½ tsp. slat, 2 tbls. lemon juice, 1 c. boiling water. Pour over casserole. Bake covered 20 min. in 400 deg. oven. Uncover, brown about 15 mins.

Quotation for the Day.

Heap high the board with plenteous cheer and gather to the feast,
And toast the sturdy Pilgrim band whose courage never ceased.
Alice W. Brotherton

On Capillaire.

Dr. Kitchener (yesterday’s post) could give us enough interesting material for years, but too much of a good thing keeps us away from other good things, so we will only stick with him for a week.

In yesterday’s recipe, Dr. Kitchiner used ‘capillaire’ in his pudding catsup. Capillaire is not a common ingredient in the pantry these days – there is certainly a dearth of it in mine, which is otherwise well stocked. What is it?

In its original incarnation, capillaire was ‘a syrup or infusion of maidenhair fern (Adiantum capillus Veneris).’ It was used for medicinal purposes for a range of problems such as pectoral complaints and pulmonary catarrhs, the King's Evil and other hard swellings, and the very inconvenient problem of hair loss. A spoonful of orange-flower water and some honey was often added to make the medicine go down more tastefully, and eventually the fern became optional and capillaire became ‘a syrup flavoured with orange-flower water’. If orange flavouring is good, then orange-flavoured alcohol must surely be better – and it was Dr. Kitchener’s choice in his version of capillaire.

To a pint of Clarified Syrup add a wine-glass of Curaçoa, or dissolve a drachm of Oil of Neroli in two ounces of Rectified Spirit, and add a few drops of it to Clarified Syrup.
[Cook’s Oracle, Wm. Kitchener]

The real thing was slightly more tedious to make. The best fern was reputed to come from Canada , although the following instructions come from an American book.

Capillaire, Syrup of.
Take some good capillaire, chop it up, not so very small, put it upon a sieve, pour upon it some boiling water, and let it infuse for ten hours in a vessel well covered strain this infusion, and put into it some sugar boiled au casse clarify this syrup with the whites of eggs whipped skim it till it is very clear when it rises, take it off the fire, and leave it to cool, then put it into bottles.
[Cook’s Own Book… America , Lee & Leslie, 1840]

I am not sure how to recommend that you use these syrups – apart from in your pudding catsup. Perhaps to flavour fruit salad, or to soak pound cake? I leave it to your imagination.

Chopped Junior

Find out what happens on set before the competition begins.

Helping Hands 12 Videos

These kids help one another without a second thought.

Behind the Scenes

Behind the Scenes 12 Videos

Ted gives a personal tour of the Juniorized set and pantry.

Selfie Expressions 35 Photos

The kids aren't the only ones to have some fun on set.

Set Transformation 12 Videos

See how the Chopped set changes over to Junior.

Junior-Inspired Lunchboxes 13 Photos

These packable, snackable dishes take a cue from the mystery basket ingredients.

Family Mealtime

These kid-friendly recipes are sure to make your mealtime prep fun for the whole family.

Kitchen Basics Infographics

Go Inside Chopped

The Original Series

Watch the parent series to see what the baskets reveal.

Judges Cook After Hours

When the show's over, the judges try out the baskets.

Basket Mysteries, Revealed

Have you asked yourself, "How do they come up with that?"


Champions: Part 4

Four outstanding young cooks compete to see who will earn the last spot in the grand finale. Some slender peppers and some scrumptious rolls are part of the puzzle in the appetizer round. The junior chefs must figure out a way to make a guilty pleasure snack work in their venison entrees, then some serious mistakes in the dessert round leave the judges with much to consider.

Champions: Grand Finale

Four of the most talented Chopped Junior competitors have made their way to the finale to compete for a third win, the title and $25,000! The basket powers-that-be throw them a whopper of a first basket that includes a rather wild jerky and a protein that most Americans have never eaten. The second basket is a doozy as well, with cream puffs and a strange ketchup. Then, the final round of the tournament calls for some kid-friendly bubbly.

Basket Bon Voyage

Four talented kid chefs set out on a virtual culinary tour, with each mystery basket containing ingredients from a European country. The junior chefs begin their tour with a stint in Italy in round one, and German adventures in the entree round challenge the kids to figure out what to do with apfelstrudel. In the dessert round, the remaining young chefs try to awaken the judges' senses with English breakfast tea.

Slime the Competition!

Anything can happen in the Chopped Junior Kitchen -- including close encounters of the reptilian kind! Alligator tenderloin in the appetizer basket is a bit of a shock, but it's nothing these clever young competitors can’t handle as they try to impress the judges, including guest Clinton Kelly. Edible slime in the entree basket brings a giggle and hopefully something nice to the cooks' main dishes. Finally, milk and cereal with a twist make for a whimsical, tasty dessert round.

Smoothie Operators

Four young cooking dynamos try to impress the judges, including guest Jessica Alba, with their appetizers that include beef tongue. The entree basket pairs a sweet orange cream smoothie with some savory favorites, and the last two competitors try to turn a giant lollipop and an odd sandwich into a winning dessert.

Cookie Jar Spar

When the junior chefs unpack pickle-flavored cotton candy in their appetizer baskets, it's anyone's guess how the round will unfold. In the second round, they must dip into cookie jars to discover sweet ingredients for their entrees and impress the judges, including guest Nikki Bella. Finally, a stinky soda and a crunchy treat await the feisty final competitors in the dessert round.

Toast Boast

Ambitious young chefs put their skills to the test, starting with an appetizer round featuring Texas toast. In round two, guest judge Anthony Anderson keeps the kids laughing as they contend with wacky ingredients like corn on the cob lemonade. The two competitors left standing in the final round go all out to make show-stopping desserts with movie theater popcorn.

Duck, Duck, Chopped!

The junior chefs must remain fierce and focused in order to tackle mussels in the appetizer round and impress the judges, including guest Bailee Madison. Then they attempt to make incredible duck entrees, but one cook's dish comes up short. Finally, the Chopped Junior Kitchen may never be the same after peanut butter cookie lasagna appears in the dessert round basket.

Playing Ketchup

Starting with ketchup soda in round one, the young chefs seek to learn from their mistakes and roll with weird ingredients to impress guest judges Gina Torres and Daniel Breaker. A fancy food and a frozen drink are among the ingredients in the second round, and pork rinds in the dessert basket challenge the last two kid cooks to get creative.


Enjoying great meals shouldn’t cost an arm and a leg or take all afternoon. Learn to eat well on a budget with Good Cheap Eats. Through budget recipes, money-saving strategies, and time-saving tips, we’ll equip you to make the most of every minute and every grocery dollar.

Historical Events on November 13

Battle of Interest

1642 Battle at Turnham Green outside London: King Charles I vs English parliament

    Prince Willem III/Raimundo earl Montecuccoli conquer Bonn Battle of Sheriffmuir during Jacobite rebellion. Battle inconclusive but Government forces halt advance of Jacobite army lead by Scottish Earl of Mar American Revolutionary forces capture Montreal British troops occupy Negapatam, Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

Event of Interest

1789 Benjamin Franklin writes "Nothing . . . certain but death & taxes"

Bulls Finally Spared 700 Years of Cruelty

1839 Last bull run in Britain as the Stamford bull run ends after 700 years

    James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnosis Peter Burnett elected first governor of California

Palace of Westminster

1856 The Great Bell of Big Ben first chimes at the foot of the still unfinished clock tower outside the Palace of Westminster [1]

    A letter is written by Reverend Mark R. Watkinson petitioning the Treasury Department to "recognize Almighty God" on American coins the department eventually decides on the motto "In God We Trust" The new Constitution of Greece adopted

Event of Interest

1865 P. T. Barnum's New American museum opens in Bridgeport

    US issues 1st gold certificates American Philological Association organized in NY Harvard-Yale game is 1st college football contest with uniforms National Bowling Association organized in NYC Bloody Sunday clashes in central London First shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii Baltimore Orioles (now NY Yankees) enter baseball's American League Caister Lifeboat Disaster claims lives of nine lifeboat men off the coast of Norfolk, England

Historic Publication

1902 "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad is first published in one volume (previously serialized) by William Blackwood in Edinburgh

    C. W. Gregory out for 383 as NSW make 763 v Queensland, in record cricket innings by an Australian French cyclist Paul Cornu flies 1st helicopter (twin rotor) The Conference of Central American States, convoked in response to the war between Honduras and Nicaragua, meets in Washington, D.C. to promote unification

Event of Interest

1922 Marc Connelly and George Kaufman's "'49ers" premieres in NYC

    Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) uprising in Bantam, West Java New York - New Jersey Holland Tunnel, 1st twin-tube underwater auto tunnel, opens WA Drake's "Grand Hotel" premieres in NYC Hattie Caraway (D-AK) appointed first US woman senator 1st modern sit-down strike by Hormel meat packers in Austin, Minnesota Anti-British riots in Egypt NBC forms first full-sized symphony orchestra exclusively for radio America's first saint, Mother Frances Cabrini, beatified

Film Release

1940 "Fantasia" animated film by Walt Disney, starring Leopold Stokowski and Deems Taylor, is released

    German Abweht consults with Chetnikleider Draza Mihailovic U-81 torpedoes British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal near Gibraltar Chaotic "sea battle of Friday the 13th" at Guadalcanal Minimum draft age lowered from 21 to 18 in the US

Event of Interest

1946 Bradman scores 106 for an Australian XI v the MCC

    "As the Girls Go" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 420 performances US win 1st world championship bridge contest General Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, President of Venezuela, is assassinated in Caracas

Event of Interest

1951 Lefty O'Doul's all-stars, including Joe DiMaggio and Billy Martin, lose 3-1 to Pacific League all-star team (Japan)

    Janet Collins is the first 1st African-American dancer to appear at the Metropolitan Opera, in a production of Aida False fingernails 1st sold KLBK TV channel 13 in Lubbock, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of Interest

1953 Dmitri Shostakovich's 4th String Quartet premieres

    1st Rugby League World Cup, Parc des Princes, Paris: Great Britain beats France, 16-12 Man of The Match: GB second rower Don Robinson 1st live telecast from non-contiguous foreign country-Havana Cuba Argentine general Pedro Aramburu succeeds E Lonardi as president US Supreme court rules race separation on buses in Alabama unconstitutional NYC Mayor Robert Wagner announces plans to begin a new baseball called the Continental League The Academy of St Martin in the Fields' first professional concert takes place in London Fire in movie theater kills 152 children in Amude, Spain WCBB TV channel 10 in Augusta, ME (PBS) begins broadcasting Vladimir Yefimovich Semichastny succeeds Aleksandr Nikolayevich Shelepin as head of the KGB. Bob Petit (St Louis Hawks) becomes 1st NBAer to score 20,000 points

Event of Interest

1964 Pope Paul VI gives tiara to poor

    "Skyscraper" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 248 performances "Yarmouth Castle" burns and sinks off Bahamas, killing 89 Director Kenneth Tynan says the word "F*ck" on BBC Carl Stokes sworn-in as 1st major city black mayor (Cleveland, Ohio) NL owners OK AL expansion to Seattle & Kansas City

Event of Interest

1968 Bob Gibson edges Pete Rose to win NL MVP

    William Craig, Home Affairs Minister, bans all marches, with the exception of 'customary' parades, in Derry, Northern Ireland the exception of 'customary' parades meant that Loyalist institutions could parade but civil rights marches could not

Event of Interest

1968 As a rookie, future Basketball Hall of Fame forward Elvin Hayes scores 54 points in San Diego Rockets' 122-120 win over Detroit Pistons, a career-high

Event of Interest

1969 Vice President Spiro Agnew accuses network TV news departments of bias and distortion

    US Vice President Spiro Agnew calls TV executives "impudent snobs" Mariner 9, 1st to orbit another planet (Mars) "Gigi" opens at Uris Theater NYC for 103 performances

Event of Interest

1973 Oakland A's Reggie Jackson wins AL MVP unanimously

Event of Interest

    "Musical Jubilee" opens at St James Theater NYC for 92 performances 25th Islander shut-out Resch 6-0 Gilles scores on 5th penalty shot Final Al Capp comic strip of "Li'l Abner" (1934-77) NASA launches HEAO 2 British newspaper "The Times" resumes publishing after 1 year

Event of Interest

1979 Ronald Reagan announces his candidacy for US President in NYC

Event of Interest

    US spacecraft Voyager 1 sends back 1st close-up pictures of Saturn Gabriella Brum, 18, of West Germany crowned 30th Miss World she resigns the next day because she wants to marry her 52 year old boyfriend

Music Single

1981 Ringo Starr releases single "Wrack My Brain" in UK, written and produced by George Harrison

    Vietnam Veterans Memorial opens in Washington, D.C., featuring the names of over 58,000 US soldiers killed or missing in the Vietnam War WBA lightweight champion Ray Mancini beats South Korean challenger Duk Koo Kim by TKO in 14th round in Las Vegas Kim collapses, falls into a coma and dies 4 days later as a result, WBC shortens title bouts to 12 rounds WBA & WBO follow in 1988, and IBF in 1989 David Levy finds his first comet Ryne Sandberg wins the NL MVP Award

Event of Interest

1985 Dwight Gooden, youngest 20 game winner, wins Cy Young award

    Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupts in Colombia, killing 25,000 in the town of Armero Giselle Jeanne-Marie LaRonde of Trinidad, 23, crowned 36th Miss World NASA launches space vehicle S-199 US President Reagan confesses weapon sales to Iran 1st condom commercial on British TV Sonny & Cher perform together for the final time, singing "I Got You Babe" on 'Late Night with David Letterman' TV program (NBC)

Event of Interest

1988 Brazilian McLaren driver Ayrton Senna finishes 2nd in the season ending Australian Grand Prix in Adelaide to win his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship wins title by 3 points from Alain Prost

Event of Interest

Event of Interest

1991 Boston Red Sox Roger Clemens wins AL Cy Young Award

Boxing Title Fight

1992 Riddick Bowe wins the undisputed world heavyweight boxing crown with a unanimous points decision over Evander Holyfield in Las Vegas first of their 3 meetings

    7.1 seaquake east of Kamchatka Chinese MD82 makes crash landing at Urumqi, 12 killed Pakistani minister of Foreign affairs Faruk Leghari elected president Sweden agrees to join European Union

Event of Interest

1994 Title contenders Michael Schumacher and Damon Hill famously collide on lap 35 of the season ending Australian Grand Prix in Adelaide Schumacher wins his first F1 World Drivers Championship by 1 point from Hill

Event of Interest

1994 44th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Dale Earnhardt wins

Film Release

1995 "GoldenEye", 17th James Bond film, starring Pierce Brosnan for the first time and Judi Dench as M, released

    "Three Sisters" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC Joel Armengaud discovers 2^1398269 - 1 (35th known Mersenne prime) Padres third baseman Ken Caminiti is 4th unanimous winner of NL MVP "Lion King" opens at New Amersterdam Theater NYC

Event of Interest

Film Premier

1999 "Toy Story 2", directed by John Lasseter, starring Tom Hanks and Tim Allen, premieres in the US

Event of Interest

2000 Philippine House Speaker Manuel B. Villar, Jr. passes the articles of impeachment against Philippine President Joseph Estrada

    The Beatles release their compilation album “1” (2001 Billboard Album of the Year) Doha Round: The World Trade Organization ends a four-day ministerial conference in Doha, Qatar

Event of Interest

2001 War on Terrorism: In the first such act since World War II, US President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States.

Album Release

2001 Shakira's fifth studio album and first English language album, "Laundry Service", is released

    US President George W. Bush orders that the Strategic Petroleum Reserve be filled to capacity over the next few years The oil tanker Prestige sinks off the Galician coast and causes a huge oil spill Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq agrees to the terms of the UN Security Council Resolution 1441

Music Single

2002 Eminem releases single 'Lose Yourself' from soundtrack of "8 Mile", 1st rap song to win Academy Award Best Original Song

Event of Interest

2005 French tennis star Amélie Mauresmo beats countrywoman Mary Pierce 5–7, 7–6, 6–4 for the season ending WTA Tour Championship at the Staples Center, Los Angeles

    An explosion hits the south wing of the House of Representatives of the Philippines in Quezon City, killing four people, including Congressman Wahab Akbar, and wounding six

El Chapo Finally Recaptured

2018 Trial of Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán begins in New York

Mexican drug lord Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán in American custody after being extradited to the United States
    Four members of a family arrested for the Rhoden family massacre where eight people were shot, south of Columbus, Ohio in 2016 Amazon announces two new corporate outposts at Queens, New York and Arlington, Virginia Kristine E. Guillaume is named the first black woman to head prestigious Harvard student newspaper "The Crimson" Venice hit by worse floods for 50 years, due to a very high tide with waves in St Mark's square, killing one resident

Event of Interest

2019 First day of public testimony in Donald Trump's impeachment inquiry held in Washington, D.C.

    South Korean girl group Blackpink are the first K-pop group to have a single reach 1 billion views on YouTube for "Ddu-Du Ddu-Du"

Event of Interest

2019 Bolivian opposition senator Jeanine Áñez assumed interim presidency of Bolivia after Evo Morales resignation

    Rediscovered painting "Lucretia" by female baroque artist Artemisia Gentileschi sells for $4.1 million at auction in Paris Fly-half Nicolas Sanchez scores all the Pumas points as Argentina claim their 1st ever win over New Zealand's All Blacks, winning 25-15 in a Rugby Championship game in Sydney

Event of Interest

2020 British strategist and chief advisor to the PM Dominic Cummings is let go by Boris Johnson

Event of Interest

2020 Singer Harry Styles becomes the first-ever solo male cover star for US Vogue

Event of Interest

2020 Kylie Minogue becomes the first woman to top the UK album chart over five consecutive decades with "Disco"

Full Plate Thursday, 532

You are invited to the Inlinkz link party!

Miz Helen

Cookbook Author, Recipe Developer, Organic Gardner.


thanks for hosting a wonderful roundup again off to see those honey glazed carrots and brussels you made also. YUMMY!!

Id love to live next door to you, Miz Helen! Thank you so much for providing this party for us and giving us so much inspiration. May you have a great week!

Thanks so much for featuring my Maple Bourbon Glazed Brussels! Happy Wednesday!
Niky @ The House on Silverado

Thank you Miz Helen, my tummy is growling! So many delicious things to make!

Thank you for hosting this weekly link-up - I hope you have an amazing rest of your week!

Thanks so much for including the Chocolate M&Ms Cake Mix Cookies in your features this week! :)

Thank you for hosting. Have a wonderful day!

Hi Helen. Thanks for a lovely round up and for hosting. Have a great week xx

Serving This Week 4-5 to 4-9-2021 on my blog. Tuesday was Wild Rice and Mushroom Soup. Wednesday was Ham and Potatoes au Gratin. Thursday was Corned Beef and Turkey Sandwich. And Friday was Turkey Ham and Cheese Strata. Enjoy!

Haha, I literally just exclaimed out loud oooh-yeah! when I saw the photo of the buttermilk blueberry cake, that is going straight on the to-do-list. Thank you for hosting and have a lovely weekend.

Thanks for always hosting such a wonderful party, Miz Helen!

YUMMY features this week. Once again another GREAT party FULL of inspiring projects and recipes - thanks for hosting!

Thanks for hosting. :) I brought by some Pineapple Ginger Popsicles this week - fun with a bit of zing. Hope you enjoy!

As usual, a fabulous party. I found some great ideas here. Thanks for hosting. Have an awesome week!

Post a Comment

Your visit has been very special. I look forward to your comments, they are like opening little gifts. Thank you for stopping by and hurry back!
Miz Helen


The show was produced by ITV Studios America [nb 1] and Optomen, in association with A. Smith & Co. Productions, [5] with Arthur Smith, Kent Weed and Patricia Llewellyn serving as executive producers.

In the UK, the series is broadcast under the name Kitchen Nightmares USA and Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares USA on Channel 4, which also produced the original UK version. Reruns, along with the British series, are frequently shown on BBC America. [6]

Season Episodes Originally aired
Season premiere Season finale
1 10 September 19, 2007 ( 2007-09-19 ) December 12, 2007 ( 2007-12-12 )
2 12 September 4, 2008 ( 2008-09-04 ) January 15, 2009 ( 2009-01-15 )
3 13 January 29, 2010 ( 2010-01-29 ) May 21, 2010 ( 2010-05-21 )
4 14 January 21, 2011 ( 2011-01-21 ) May 20, 2011 ( 2011-05-20 )
5 17 September 23, 2011 ( 2011-09-23 ) March 30, 2012 ( 2012-03-30 )
6 16 October 26, 2012 ( 2012-10-26 ) May 10, 2013 ( 2013-05-10 )
7 10 April 11, 2014 ( 2014-04-11 ) September 12, 2014 ( 2014-09-12 )

Season 1 (2007) Edit

The first season focused on restaurants in the southern California and New York City areas.

No. in
RestaurantLocationOriginal air date
11"Peter's"Babylon, New YorkSeptember 19, 2007 ( 2007-09-19 )
22"Dillon's"New York, New YorkSeptember 26, 2007 ( 2007-09-26 )
Restaurant was renamed Purnima during production.
33"The Mixing Bowl"Bellmore, New YorkOctober 3, 2007 ( 2007-10-03 )
44"Seascape"Islip, New YorkOctober 10, 2007 ( 2007-10-10 )
55"The Olde Stone Mill"Tuckahoe, New YorkOctober 17, 2007 ( 2007-10-17 )
66"Sebastian's"Toluca Lake, CaliforniaNovember 7, 2007 ( 2007-11-07 )
77"Finn McCool's"Westhampton, New YorkNovember 14, 2007 ( 2007-11-14 )
88"Lela's"Pomona, CaliforniaNovember 21, 2007 ( 2007-11-21 )
99"Campania"Fair Lawn, New JerseyNovember 28, 2007 ( 2007-11-28 )
1010"The Secret Garden"Moorpark, CaliforniaDecember 12, 2007 ( 2007-12-12 )

Season 2 (2008–09) Edit

No. in
RestaurantLocationOriginal air date
11"Revisited: Gordon Returns" N/ASeptember 4, 2008 ( 2008-09-04 )
Revisit of Finn McCool's, The Olde Stone Mill, The Mixing Bowl, Dillon's, Campania, Peter's.
121"Handlebar"Mount Sinai, New YorkSeptember 11, 2008 ( 2008-09-11 )
132"Giuseppi's"Macomb Township, MichiganSeptember 18, 2008 ( 2008-09-18 )
143"Trobiano's"Great Neck, New YorkSeptember 25, 2008 ( 2008-09-25 )
154"Black Pearl"New York, New YorkSeptember 25, 2008 ( 2008-09-25 )
165"J Willy's"South Bend, IndianaOctober 30, 2008 ( 2008-10-30 )
176"Hannah & Mason's"Cranbury, New JerseyNovember 6, 2008 ( 2008-11-06 )
187"Jack's Waterfront"St. Clair Shores, MichiganNovember 6, 2008 ( 2008-11-06 )
198"Sabatiello's"Stamford, ConnecticutNovember 13, 2008 ( 2008-11-13 )
209"Fiesta Sunrise"West Nyack, New YorkNovember 13, 2008 ( 2008-11-13 )
2110"Santé La Brea"Los Angeles, CaliforniaNovember 20, 2008 ( 2008-11-20 )
2211"Cafe 36"La Grange, IllinoisJanuary 15, 2009 ( 2009-01-15 )

Season 3 (2010) Edit

The third season was originally scheduled to premiere on Wednesday, January 27, 2010, [7] but it was postponed to Friday, January 29, 2010, due to the State of the Union address. [8]

No. in
RestaurantLocationOriginal air date
231"Hot Potato Cafe"Fishtown, Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaJanuary 29, 2010 ( 2010-01-29 )
242"Flamangos"Whitehouse Station, New JerseyFebruary 2, 2010 ( 2010-02-02 )
Restaurant was renamed The Junction during production.
253"Bazzini"Ridgewood, New JerseyFebruary 5, 2010 ( 2010-02-05 )
264"Mojito"Brooklyn, New YorkFebruary 25, 2010 ( 2010-02-25 )
275"Lido di Manhattan"Manhattan Beach, CaliforniaMarch 4, 2010 ( 2010-03-04 )
286"Le Bistro"Lighthouse Point, FloridaMarch 11, 2010 ( 2010-03-11 )
297"Casa Roma"Lancaster, CaliforniaMarch 12, 2010 ( 2010-03-12 )
This episode was produced as part of season 2, but not aired until season 3. [ citation needed ]
308"Mama Rita's"Newbury Park, CaliforniaMarch 19, 2010 ( 2010-03-19 )
319"Anna Vincenzo's"Boca Raton, FloridaMarch 26, 2010 ( 2010-03-26 )
32"Revisited No. 2" N/AApril 9, 2010 ( 2010-04-09 )
Revisit at Santé La Brea, Finn McCool's and Giuseppi's.
3310"Fleming"Miami, FloridaMay 7, 2010 ( 2010-05-07 )
3411"Sushi-Ko"Thousand Oaks, CaliforniaMay 14, 2010 ( 2010-05-14 )
35"Revisited No. 3" N/AMay 21, 2010 ( 2010-05-21 )
Revisit at Handlebar, Casa Roma and The Black Pearl.

Season 4 (2011) Edit

In May 2010, the Fox network announced the return of Kitchen Nightmares for a fourth season. The fourth season aired from January 21, 2011, to May 20, 2011, on Fox. [9]

No. in
RestaurantLocationOriginal air date
361"Spanish Pavilion"Harrison, New JerseyJanuary 21, 2011 ( 2011-01-21 )
372"Classic American"West Babylon, New YorkJanuary 28, 2011 ( 2011-01-28 )
383"PJ's Steakhouse"Queens, New YorkFebruary 4, 2011 ( 2011-02-04 )
Restaurant was renamed PJ's Grill during production.
39"Revisited No. 4" N/AFebruary 11, 2011 ( 2011-02-11 )
Revisit at Mojito, The Junction (aka Flamangos) and Bazzini.
404"Grasshopper Also"Carlstadt, New JerseyFebruary 18, 2011 ( 2011-02-18 )
415"Davide"Boston, MassachusettsFebruary 25, 2011 ( 2011-02-25 )
426"Down City"Providence, Rhode IslandMarch 11, 2011 ( 2011-03-11 )
43"Revisited No. 5" N/AMarch 18, 2011 ( 2011-03-18 )
Revisit at Le Bistro, Anna Vincenzo's and Lido di Manhattan.
447"Tavolini"Bridgeport, ConnecticutMarch 25, 2011 ( 2011-03-25 )
458"Kingston Cafe"Pasadena, CaliforniaApril 15, 2011 ( 2011-04-15 )
469"La Frite"Sherman Oaks, CaliforniaApril 29, 2011 ( 2011-04-29 )
4710"Capri"Eagle Rock, CaliforniaMay 6, 2011 ( 2011-05-06 )
4811"Zeke's"Metairie, LouisianaMay 13, 2011 ( 2011-05-13 )
4912"Oceana"New Orleans, LouisianaMay 20, 2011 ( 2011-05-20 )

Season 5 (2011–12) Edit

In March 2011 the producers of the show announced a casting call for a fifth season. [10] The fifth season premiered on Friday, September 23, 2011, and ended on March 30, 2012. [11]

No. in
RestaurantLocationOriginal air dateUS viewers
501"Blackberry's"Plainfield, New JerseySeptember 23, 2011 ( 2011-09-23 ) 2.65 [12]
512"Leone's"Montclair, New JerseySeptember 30, 2011 ( 2011-09-30 ) 2.85 [12]
523"Mike & Nellie's"Oakhurst, New JerseyOctober 7, 2011 ( 2011-10-07 ) 3.45 [12]
534"Luigi's D'Italia"Anaheim, CaliforniaOctober 14, 2011 ( 2011-10-14 ) 3.38 [12]
54"Revisited No. 6" N/AOctober 21, 2011 ( 2011-10-21 ) N/A
Revisit at Down City, Classic American and Davide.
555"Burger Kitchen, Part 1"Los Angeles, CaliforniaNovember 4, 2011 ( 2011-11-04 ) 3.04 [12]
566"Burger Kitchen, Part 2"Los Angeles, CaliforniaNovember 11, 2011 ( 2011-11-11 ) 2.99 [12]
577"The Greek at the Harbor"Ventura, CaliforniaNovember 18, 2011 ( 2011-11-18 ) 3.75 [12]
588"Michon's"College Park, GeorgiaJanuary 13, 2012 ( 2012-01-13 ) 2.89 [12]
599"El Greco"Austin, TexasJanuary 20, 2012 ( 2012-01-20 ) 3.14 [12]
60"Revisited No. 7" N/AJanuary 27, 2012 ( 2012-01-27 ) N/A
Revisit at Spanish Pavilion, Kingston Cafe, Capri and La Frite.
6110"Park's Edge"Atlanta, GeorgiaFebruary 3, 2012 ( 2012-02-03 ) 3.08 [12]
6211"Spin-A-Yarn Steakhouse"Fremont, CaliforniaFebruary 10, 2012 ( 2012-02-10 ) 3.30 [12]
6312"Charlie's"La Verne, CaliforniaFebruary 17, 2012 ( 2012-02-17 ) 3.31 [12]
6413"Cafe Hon"Baltimore, MarylandFebruary 24, 2012 ( 2012-02-24 ) 3.03 [12]
6514"Chiarella's"Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaMarch 23, 2012 ( 2012-03-23 ) 3.02 [12]
6615"Zocalo"Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaMarch 30, 2012 ( 2012-03-30 ) 3.05 [12]

Season 6 (2012–13) Edit

In February 2012 the Fox network announced it renewed Kitchen Nightmares for a sixth season, which premiered on Friday, October 26, 2012. [13] [14]

No. in
RestaurantLocationOriginal air dateUS viewers
671"La Galleria 33, Part One"Boston, MassachusettsOctober 26, 2012 ( 2012-10-26 ) 3.07 [15]
682"La Galleria 33, Part Two"Boston, MassachusettsNovember 2, 2012 ( 2012-11-02 ) 2.90 [15]
693"Mama Maria's"Brooklyn, New YorkNovember 9, 2012 ( 2012-11-09 ) 2.99 [15]
704"Ms. Jean's Southern Cuisine"Wilkinsburg, PennsylvaniaNovember 16, 2012 ( 2012-11-16 ) 2.56 [15]
715"Barefoot Bob's"Hull, MassachusettsDecember 7, 2012 ( 2012-12-07 ) 2.84 [15]
72"Revisited No. 8" N/ADecember 14, 2012 ( 2012-12-14 ) N/A
Revisit at Cafe Hon, Chiarella's and Leone's.
736"Olde Hitching Post Restaurant & Tavern"Hanson, MassachusettsJanuary 25, 2013 ( 2013-01-25 ) 3.15 [15]
747"Levanti's Italian Restaurant"Beaver, PennsylvaniaFebruary 1, 2013 ( 2013-02-01 ) 2.43 [15]
Restaurant was renamed Levanti's American Bistro during production.
758"Sam's Mediterranean Kabob Room"Monrovia, CaliforniaFebruary 15, 2013 ( 2013-02-15 ) 2.56 [15]
769"Nino's Italian Restaurant"Long Beach, CaliforniaFebruary 22, 2013 ( 2013-02-22 ) 2.42 [15]
7710"Mill Street Bistro, Part 1"Norwalk, OhioMarch 1, 2013 ( 2013-03-01 ) N/A
7811"Mill Street Bistro, Part 2"Norwalk, OhioMarch 8, 2013 ( 2013-03-08 ) N/A
7912"Yanni's"Seattle, WashingtonMarch 15, 2013 ( 2013-03-15 ) N/A
8013"Prohibition Grille"Everett, WashingtonApril 26, 2013 ( 2013-04-26 ) N/A
Restaurant was renamed Prohibition Gastropub during production.
8114"Chappy's"Nashville, TennesseeMay 3, 2013 ( 2013-05-03 ) N/A
8215"Amy's Baking Company"Scottsdale, ArizonaMay 10, 2013 ( 2013-05-10 ) N/A
Because of the level of conflict with the restaurant owners, Ramsay leaves the restaurant without finishing, a first (and the only instance) in Kitchen Nightmares ' history.

Season 7 (2014) Edit

Season 7 was originally set to premiere on February 28, 2014, but was delayed until April 11, 2014. [9]

No. in
RestaurantLocationOriginal air dateUS viewers
831"Return to Amy's Baking Company"Scottsdale, ArizonaApril 11, 2014 ( 2014-04-11 ) 3.07 [16]
Ramsay himself does not return to Amy's Baking Company (instead presenting the episode from the set of Hell's Kitchen, which is a spoiler of the rearrangement of the kitchens), though a new, specially recorded interview with the owners is conducted by local reporter Ana Garcia.
842"Pantaleone's"Denver, ColoradoApril 11, 2014 ( 2014-04-11 ) 2.90 [16]
853"Old Neighborhood"Arvada, ColoradoApril 18, 2014 ( 2014-04-18 ) 2.99 [17]
864"Kati Allo"Queens, New YorkApril 18, 2014 ( 2014-04-18 ) 2.56 [17]
875"Mangia Mangia, Pt. 1"Woodland Park, ColoradoApril 25, 2014 ( 2014-04-25 ) 2.84 [18]
886"Mangia Mangia, Pt. 2"Woodland Park, ColoradoApril 25, 2014 ( 2014-04-25 ) 3.15 [18]
897"Zayna Flaming Grill, Pt. 1"Redondo Beach, CaliforniaMay 2, 2014 ( 2014-05-02 ) 2.43 [19]
908"Zayna Flaming Grill, Pt. 2"Redondo Beach, CaliforniaMay 2, 2014 ( 2014-05-02 ) 2.56 [19]
919"Bella Luna"Easton, PennsylvaniaMay 16, 2014 ( 2014-05-16 ) 2.42 [20]
92"Revisited No. 9" N/ASeptember 12, 2014 ( 2014-09-12 ) 1.82 [21]
Revisit at La Galleria 33, Olde Hitching Post and Prohibition Gastropub.

In September 2007, a case was filed by Martin Hyde, the former general manager of Dillon's, against Ramsay for allegedly staging disasters and hiring actors to trick the viewing audience. [22] The case was dismissed and went into arbitration. [23]

Ginia Bellafante of the New York Times found Ramsay's teaching methods and high standards "undeniably hypnotic" and commented that "the thrill of watching Mr. Ramsay is in witnessing someone so at peace with his own arrogance." [24] Doug Elfman of the Chicago Sun-Times said the show is "a very entertaining public service" that "will make you laugh, make you sick and make you think". [25] Randy Cordova of the Arizona Republic found Ramsay "just as blustery and foul-mouthed here as he is on Hell's Kitchen. But he is also oddly endearing, mainly because he genuinely seems invested in the fate of each restaurant". [26]

Critics have commented that Fox's adaptation of Kitchen Nightmares strayed from the strengths of the original Channel 4 series. Maureen Ryan of the Chicago Tribune said, "Leave it to Fox to take something the Brits did pretty well and muck it up". She added, "Never mind the cooking this edition of the show appears to be more interested in playing up the family dramas at the restaurants Ramsay visits". [27] Robert Lloyd of the Los Angeles Times commented, "Whereas the British Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares is fundamentally a food show—it has interesting things to show you about how a restaurant runs and a kitchen works, the wonders of local markets and what you can make from them if you're Gordon Ramsay or willing to follow his instructions—the Fox edition emphasizes mishap, argument and emotional breakdown almost to the exclusion of cuisine". [28]

A Week In The Life, Vol 16.

They insisted they bring their notepads and pencils/crayons on a car ride today.

Living for all the blooms! My allergies are not.

House salad for the win! Should I do a more in-depth post on my house salads? Haha. I have about 4 or 5 on the site that I use depending on what else I’m serving and the season.

A big old pan of baked spaghetti, the amazing garlic bread from Everyday Dinners, a house salad and some pineapple. The pineapple is SO GOOD right now.

This babe looks like he is 15. Kills me.

Okay so I weirdly love this. There are a ton of seeds but aside from that, I loved it. Have you tried it yet?! I think it’s a love or hate thing.

Emilia and I went to Target and we hadn’t been there in forever. The entire time she was like “wow!”, “mama look at this it’s so beautiful!” and I mean she would say it about socks and underwear. She is my spirit animal.

To celebrate my niece Violet’s 2nd birthday!!

This funfetti cake with chocolate was amazing.

Both kids have been so loving and affectionate over the last few weeks, at different times. I wonder if it’s because in a way, they sense the baby is coming?! Max is always insanely affectionate but he has been on another level. I’m not complaining at all. I love it!

Mini fontinella bagel pizzas from Everyday Dinners too!! Made these last week and we love them!

This is her one eyed “cheese.” I mean, how is it possible to be this obsessed with your kids? Asking for a friend.

Watch the video: Wednesday, November 28, 2012 - Evening Edition (July 2022).


  1. Yahto

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  2. Anwyl

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  3. Fenrigami

    a very useful question

  4. Zolor


  5. Faerrleah

    In my opinion you have deceived, as child.

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